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Founders Corner

Comprehensive online library of major works, essays, letters, speeches, quotes from America’s Founding Fathers; also key documents; and histories contemporary to the Founding Era, along with works, speeches, etc., from thinkers and statesmen who influenced the Founders or were influenced by them.

Inaugural Day Expressions of Faith — American Minute

Veneration for the religion of a people who profess and call themselves Christians...to consider a decent respect for Christianity among the best recommendations for the public service. - John Adams

Now, where did I put that ….?

Careful leaders keep records for posterity (and recognize their errors). " … I saw the importance of [taking notes] … Very often, therefore, I made memorandums on loose scraps of paper, taken out of my pocket in the moment, and laid by to be copied fair at leisure, which, however, they hardly ever were. These scraps, therefore, ragged, rubbed, and scribbled as they were ..."

Homer on Phaecia: Adams “Defense” No. 38

Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 38 Ancient Monarchical Republics: HOMER on PHÆACIA Dear Sir, IN the kingdom,...

Loss of Liberty: Exploiting Dangers, Real or Pretended

Perhaps it is a universal truth that the loss of liberty at home is to be charged to provisions against danger, real or pretended from abroad - James Madison

How Democratic Institutions And Manners Tend To Raise Rents

Democracy In America, Alexis de Tocqueville, 1831 Volume 2, Section 3, Chapter 6, How Democratic Institutions And Manners Tend To Raise Rents And Shorten The Terms...

America: A Representative Republic with Judeo-Christian Principles

It was understood that for this approach to work the inherent morals and ethics of the American people must be maintained as the ultimate safeguard C Adamo

Justice Joseph Story—On the Separation of Church and State

Foundations of the United States Constitution In 1833, Joseph Story—selected for the Supreme Court by James Madison in 1811—publishes a three volume commentary on the...

Madison’s Notes: The Federal Convention of 1787, August 18

Debated: the necessity for the power for federal borrowing versus the danger, standing armies, federal versus state control of the militia, the need for select militia.

Don’t get stuck on stupid!

"Laws are made for men of ordinary understanding, and should, therefore, be construed by the ordinary rules of common sense. Their meaning is not to be sought for in ... "

Labor Day

Democratic Thinker, Labor day LABOR. ————— HO! ye who at the anvil toil And strike the sounding blow, Where from the burning iron’s breast, The sparks fly to and fro, While...

The Federalist Papers, No. 5, John Jay

Saturday, November 10, 1787 QUEEN ANNE, in her letter of the 1st July, 1706, to the Scotch Parliament, makes some observations on the importance of...

The Anti-Federalist Papers No. 69: Richard Henry Lee

The Character of the Executive Office By Richard Henry Lee. The great object is, in a republican government, to guard effectually against perpetuating any portion of...

Samuel Adams—To James Warren (October 24, 1780)

Democratic Thinker, American Correspondence Despite the political shenanigans following the adoption of 1780 Massachusetts constitution, Samuel Adams advises his fellow patriot, James Warren, to not...

Which describes you? Do you hope … or fear?

"why should we forbid ourselves to believe that some day or other, some circumstance may gather you also to our little society, & renew the recollections of former scenes very dear to our memory. hope is so much more ... "

Federalist Papers No. 76, Alexander Hamilton

FOUNDERS CORNER, MAJOR WORKS Tuesday, April 1, 1788 President's Appointment Power with Advice and Consent of Senate THE President is "to nominate, and, by and with the...

General Review of the Colonies: Joseph Story’s Commentaries on the Constitution, Vol. 1, Ch....

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 16,  GENERAL REVIEW OF THE COLONIES § 146. We have now...

The Anti-Federalist Papers No. 78-79: Brutus

The Power of the Judiciary Brutus, March 20 & April 10, 1788 Part one is taken from the first part of the "Brutus's" 15th essay of...

William Wirt: Address at Rutgers College—Private Character

Democratic Thinker, American Thought In 1830, William Wirt—late retired as U.S. Attorney General—delivers a speech before a group of students at Rutgers College. The...

Hamilton's 1780 Call for a Constitutional Convention

Liberty Letters, Alexander Hamilton, 1780 Agreeably to your request and my promise I sit down to give you my ideas of the defects of our...

The Trade Of Literature

Democracy In America, Alexis de Tocqueville, 1831 Volume 2, Chapter 14, The Trade Of Literature DEMOCRACY not only infuses a taste for letters among the trading classes,...

Thomas Jefferson on "the Precepts of Jesus"

Liberty Letters, Thomas Jefferson, 1820 I hold the precepts of Jesus, as delivered by Himself, to be the most pure, benevolent and sublime which have...

Madison's Notes: The Federal Convention of 1787: September 13

Liberty Letters, 13 September 1787, James Madison Col George Mason. He had moved without success for a power to make sumptuary regulations. He had not...

Demophilus: Principles of the English Constitution: The Legislature

Principles of the Ancient English Constitution, Democratic Thinker Shortly after the signing of the Declaration of Independence, a writer under the pseudonym of Demophilus publishes...

Ambition and the Insolent Mercy of a Foreign Arm

Founders Corner: Speeches, Pamphlets, Letters, Quotes Edmund Burke, 1777 ... No conqueror, that I ever heard of, has professed to make a cruel, harsh, and insolent...

Democratic Thinker: Novanglus Essay No. 2: John Adams

Adams will pursue all the dark intrigues and wicked machinations and show the rise and progress of British schemes for enslaving this country.

Daniel Webster: Duties of American Citizens

American Thought Following the deaths of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, who had died on the same day—July 4th, 1826—, the Boston City Council...

Reagan on Freedom v. Tyranny, Good v. Evil, God v. Atheism

American Minute with Bill Federer A graduate of Eureka College, IL, 1932, he announced for radio stations in Iowa. He married Jane Wyman and had children...

Causes Which Mitigate The Tyranny Of The Majority In The US

Democracy In America, Alexis de Tocqueville, 1831 Volume 1, Chapter 16, Causes Which Mitigate The Tyranny Of The Majority In The United States ABSENCE OF CENTRALIZED...

Applying The Principle Of Self-Interest To Religious Matters

Democracy In America, Alexis de Tocqueville, 1831 Volume 2, Section 2, Chapter 9, That The Americans Apply The Principle Of Self-Interest Rightly Understood To Religious Matters If...

The Uncorrupted Patriot

American Minute with Bill Federer He lost two sons in the Revolution, was the only clergyman to sign the Declaration and served on 120 Congressional...