Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Conclusion, Postcript THE foreign gazettes and journals have announced to the world that the Abbé De Mably was applied to by the United States of America for his advice and assistance in the formation of a code...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 55, Conclusion Grosvenor-square, Dec. 21, 1785. My dear Sir, ACCORDING to Mr. Turgot's idea of a perfect commonwealth, a single assembly is to be possessed of all authority, legislative, executive, and judicial. It will be a proper conclusion...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 54 My dear Sir, CHIMERICAL systems of legislation are neither new nor uncommon, even among men of the most resplendent genius and extensive learning. It would not be too bold to say, that some parts of Plato...
 Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 52 Conclusion: Congress My dear Sir, BY the authorities and examples already recited, you will be convinced, that three branches of power have an unalterable foundation in nature; that they exist in every society natural and artificial; and...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 52 Ancient Aristocratical Republics: Rome. Plebians scrambling after Patricians; or Democracy hunting down Aristocracy; or Tribunes in chase of a Senate.  My dear Sir, WE have before seen, in the history of Rome, with what eagerness the aristocracy...
  Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 51 Ancient Aristocratical Republics: Locris. Zaleucus.    My dear Sir, ZALEUCUS was of Locris in Italy, not far distant from Sybaris. He was a disciple of Pythagoras, of noble birth, and admirable morals. Having acquired the esteem and confidence...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 49 Ancient Aristocratical Republics: Crotona. Pythagoras   My dear Sir, THE city of Sybaris was a Grecian colony in Italy, planted by Achaians; and, according to Diodorus Siculus*, its beautiful situation between two rivers, the Crathis and the Sybaris, the extent...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 49 Ancient Aristocratical Republics: Crotona. Pythagoras   My dear Sir, PYTHAGORAS, as well as Socrates, Plato, and Xenophon, were persuaded that the happiness of nations depended chiefly on the form of their government: they were fully sensible of the real...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 48 Ancient Democratical Republics: Thebes Dear Sir, FABLE, and history too, relate that this city was governed anciently by kings; sixteen of whom, from Cadmus the Phoenician, who founded it, to Xanthus, are enumerated. After the death of the...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 46 Ancient Democratical Republics: ARGOS My dear Sir, IN order to form an adequate idea of the miseries which were brought upon the Greeks by continual and innumerable revolutions of government, it should be considered, that the...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 45 Ancient Democratical Republics: CORINTH My dear Sir, MONARCHY remained in this emporium of Greece longer than in any other of the principal cities; but the noble families here could no better endure the superiority of a...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 45 Ancient Democratical Republics: CORINTH My dear Sir, MONARCHY remained in this emporium of Greece longer than in any other of the principal cities; but the noble families here could no better endure the superiority of a...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 44 Ancient Democratical Republics: CRETE My dear Sir, THIS celebrated island, with the fantastical honor of giving birth to some of the gods of Greece, had the real merit and glory of communicating to that country many...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 44 Ancient Democratical Republics: CRETE My dear Sir, THIS celebrated island, with the fantastical honor of giving birth to some of the gods of Greece, had the real merit and glory of communicating to that country many...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 43 Ancient Democratical Republics: ACHAIA Dear Sir, THE Achæans, whose republic became so famous in later times, inhabited a long but narrow strip of land along the Corinthian gulph, which was destitute of harbors, and; as its...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 43 Ancient Democratical Republics: ACHAIA Dear Sir, THE Achæans, whose republic became so famous in later times, inhabited a long but narrow strip of land along the Corinthian gulph, which was destitute of harbors, and; as its...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 42 Ancient Democratical Republics: ANTALCIDAS Dear Sir, IN the year 1774, a certain British officer, then at Boston, was often heard to say, "I wish I were Parliament: I would not send a ship or troop to...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 42 Ancient Democratical Republics: ANTALCIDAS Dear Sir, IN the year 1774, a certain British officer, then at Boston, was often heard to say, "I wish I were Parliament: I would not send a ship or troop to...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 41 Ancient Democratical  Republics: ATHENS My dear Sir, CECROPS, an Egyptian, conducted a colony that settled in Athens, and first engaged the wandering shepherds and hunters of Attica to unite in villages of husbandmen. Although the government...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 41 Ancient Democratical  Republics: ATHENS My dear Sir, CECROPS, an Egyptian, conducted a colony that settled in Athens, and first engaged the wandering shepherds and hunters of Attica to unite in villages of husbandmen. Although the government...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 40 Ancient Aristocratical Republics: LACEDÆMON My dear Sir, FROM the days of Homer to those of Lycurgus, the governments in Greece were monarchical in name and pretension, but aristocratical in reality. The archons were impatient of regal...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 40 Ancient Aristocratical Republics: LACEDÆMON My dear Sir, FROM the days of Homer to those of Lycurgus, the governments in Greece were monarchical in name and pretension, but aristocratical in reality. The archons were impatient of regal...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 39 Ancient Monarchical Republics: HOMER on ITHACA Dear Sir, THE court of Ithaca, in the absence of Ulysses, is an admirable example of the intrigues of the archons, and their insatiable ambition. The throne of Ithaca, and...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 39 Ancient Monarchical Republics: HOMER on ITHACA Dear Sir, THE court of Ithaca, in the absence of Ulysses, is an admirable example of the intrigues of the archons, and their insatiable ambition. The throne of Ithaca, and...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 38 Ancient Monarchical Republics: HOMER on PHÆACIA Dear Sir, IN the kingdom, or rather aristocracy, of Phæacia, as represented in the Odyssey, we have a picture at full length of those forms of government which at that...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 38 Ancient Monarchical Republics: HOMER on PHÆACIA Dear Sir, IN the kingdom, or rather aristocracy, of Phæacia, as represented in the Odyssey, we have a picture at full length of those forms of government which at that...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 37 Ancient Monarchical Republics: TACITUS ON THE ANCIENT GERMANS Dear Sir, BEFORE we proceed to the Greeks, we may even mention the savages. Every nation in North America has a king, a senate, and a people. The...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 37 Ancient Monarchical Republics: TACITUS ON THE ANCIENT GERMANS Dear Sir, BEFORE we proceed to the Greeks, we may even mention the savages. Every nation in North America has a king, a senate, and a people. The...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 36 Ancient Aristocratical Republics: ROME My dear Sir, DIONYSIUS Halicarnassensis has not only given us his own judgment, that the most perfect form of government is that which consists of an equal mixture of monarchy, aristocracy, and...
Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 36 Ancient Aristocratical Republics: ROME My dear Sir, DIONYSIUS Halicarnassensis has not only given us his own judgment, that the most perfect form of government is that which consists of an equal mixture of monarchy, aristocracy, and...