The Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas, a beginners course by Dr. Jonathan Dolhenty I. THE LIFE OF THOMAS AQUINAS (122-1274): THE "ANGELIC DOCTOR" Thomas Aquinas, born of a noble family in Rocca Secca, near Aquino in 1225, was to complete the magnificent synthesis of Scholasticism. As a very young boy, he went to...
By Mortimer J. Adler and Peter Wolff In the history of human liberty, Locke's essay Concerning Civil Government stands out not only as a great contribution to political theory, but also as an effective instigator of political action. It is a stirring pronouncement of the principles of the English "bloodless...
THE PHILOSOPHY OF THOMAS AQUINAS General Discussion from Classic Philosophers by Jonathan Dolhenty Ph.D. In determining or defining the relationship of God with the world, Aquinas departs not only from the doctrine of the Averroist Aristotelians, but also from the teaching of Aristotle himself. For Aristotle matter was uncreated and co-eternal with...
Western Thought Xenophon—a student of Socrates—writes the first work on the study of economics. But I do not pretend that it can be learnt by barely looking on, or hearing it once repeated: On the contrary, I say it cannot be attained but by Study and Instruction, nor without a...
Western Thought Xenophon—a student of Socrates—writes the first work on the study of economics. To have an Eye over those, whose Business lies within Doors; and to receive what is brought into the House: To distribute as much of it as is necessary for the Family; to keep safely what is...
LAWRENCE REED, THE FREEMAN Question: If you could go back in time and spend one hour in conversation with 10 people—each one separately and privately—whom would you choose? My list isn’t exactly the same from one day to the next, but at least a couple of the same names are always...
Daily Dabble in the Classics, Saint Augustine Of the liberty proper to man's nature, and the servitude introduced by sin, -- a servitude in which the man whose will is wicked is the slave of his own lust, though he is free so far as regards other men This is prescribed...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. The Philosophy of Plato: VI. Psychology The Soul We have said that Plato, once having admitted that knowledge of Ideas is anterior to sensitive cognition, is presented with the question of when and...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. The Philosophy of Plato: V. Ionians: Cosmology The sensible world is presented to us under a twofold aspect, the first rational, the second irrational, corresponding respectively to form (essence) and matter. Let...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. The Philosophy of Plato: IV. General Metaphysics The World of Ideas: Plato's investigations begin on the Socratic plan, that is, with sensitive cognition, with the purpose not only of transcending the data...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. III. The Philosophy of Plato: Theory of Knowledge Plato distinguishes four degrees of knowledge: Apprehension of pure sense images, such as dreams and imaginations; Perceptive knowledge...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. II. The Philosophy of Plato: Doctrine, General Ideas Socrates had spoken about concepts, and had affirmed their existence in the field of logic and morality. But he had said nothing of the...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. I. The Philosophy of Plato: Life and Works Plato was born in Athens in the year 428 or 427 B.C.E. He was of a noble family and was related through his father...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. VI. The Doctrine of Socrates: Minor Socratic Schools The teaching of Socrates had had two main points: the concept and morality or ethics. However, not all Socrates' disciples succeeded in understanding the...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. V. The Doctrine of Socrates: Ethics In ethics, Socrates did not surpass the prejudice of Greek intellectualism, which made the practice completely dependent upon theory. It is enough to know virtue in...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. IV. The Doctrine of Socrates, Concepts The doctrine of Socrates can be summed up in two words: concepts, morality -- or better, moral concepts. For Socrates, the concept is that of which all...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. I. The Philosophy of Socrates: Live of Socrates Socrates was born in 470 or 469 B.C.E., in Athens, the son of Sophroniscus, a sculptor, and Phaenarete, a midwife. He first learned his...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. I. The Philosophy of Socrates: General Notions The Sophists had turned their attention to man, but they had stopped at sensitive impressions, at empirical data. They logically ended in Skepticism. Socrates moves...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. The Philosophy of Socrates: I. Introduction The traditional belief of the Greeks had been that their cities had received their laws from some divinity, protector of the city, and that good (happiness)...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. The Sophists: Ethics and Right IV. Ethics and Right The traditional belief of the Greeks had been that their cities had received their laws from some divinity, protector of the city, and that...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of the Western World ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS: THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT WORLD by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. VI The Sophists: Theory of Knowledge The Pre-Socratics had turned all their attention to the physical world (cosmology) and in a diversity of opinions they (with the exception of Democritus) had shown...
Classic Philosophers: The Great Thinkers of Western Philosophy   Ancient Philosophers: The Philosophy of the Early Greek Naturalists, by Jonathan Dolhenty V. The Philosophy of the Sophists: General Notions Those who impersonated this new state of mind were the Sophists, philosophers from all parts of the Grecian world in search of fortune....
By René Descartes I suppose...that all the things which I see are fictitious; I believe that none of those objects which my fallacious memory represents ever existed; I suppose that I possess no senses; I believe that body, figure, extension, motion, and place are merely fictions of my mind. What...
René Descartes (1596-1650) By Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. I. General Observations René Descartes is justly considered the father of modern philosophy and the founder of the rational method as applied to philosophical research. In fact, he is the first philosopher to begin with the impressions which are in our intellect (intellectual phenomenalism) and...
THE PHILOSOPHY OF THOMAS AQUINAS General Philosophy of Classic Philosophers by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. Besides God, the spiritual substances are the angels and human souls. Angels are not destined to inform any matter; the human soul, on the contrary, is ordered to be the form of the body. Hence the question...
Aquinas accepts the general principles of the metaphysics of Aristotle, for whom there are two principles of being, potency and act. Act signifies being, reality, perfection; potency is non-being, non-reality, imperfection. Potency does not, however, mean absolute non-being, but rather the capacity to receive some perfection, the capacity to exist, as...
The Five Ways The search for God and His relationship with the world was as fundamental in the Middle Ages as it was at any time during the history of Christian thought. At the time of Aquinas, Augustinianism was the most appreciated doctrine in the school of philosophy at the...
Aquinas accepts the general principles of the metaphysics of Aristotle, for whom there are two principles of being, potency and act. Act signifies being, reality, perfection; potency is non-being, non-reality, imperfection. Potency does not, however, mean absolute non-being, but rather the capacity to receive some perfection, the capacity to exist, as...
Aquinas accepts the general principles of the metaphysics of Aristotle, for whom there are two principles of being, potency and act. Act signifies being, reality, perfection; potency is non-being, non-reality, imperfection. Potency does not, however, mean absolute non-being, but rather the capacity to receive some perfection, the capacity to exist, as...
To explain the process of knowledge, Thomas Aquinas has recourse neither to the innate ideas of Platonism nor to the illumination of Augustine. Instead, he postulates a cognitive faculty naturally capable of acquiring knowledge of the object, in proportion to that faculty. Agreeing with Aristotle, he admits that knowledge is...