THE PHILOSOPHICAL SYSTEM OF THOMAS AQUINAS I. Introduction  A. The place of Thomism in Mediaeval Philosophy Some years ago I made a circuit of the French Cathedrals under the guidance of a friend who is an archaeologist. "We shall visit first," said he, "the cathedral of Amiens, for it is the prototype...
The Philosophical System of Thomas Aquinas, by Maurice de Wulf, edited and adapted for the web by Jonathan Dolhenty XVII. The Esthetic Aspect of the Universe A. Art, Nature, and Beauty Themselves contemporaries of a tremendous artistic development, which ranks the thirteenth century among the great creative epochs, the Schoolmen did not neglect...
The Philosophical System of Thomas Aquinas, by Maurice de Wulf, edited and adapted for the web by Jonathan Dolhenty XVI. The Construction of the Sciences A. Logic as a teaching method, and as a branch of philosophy Thomas asks whether logic is an art or a science, and comes to the conclusion...
The Philosophical System of Thomas Aquinas, by Maurice de Wulf, edited and adapted for the web by Jonathan Dolhenty XIV. Conscience and Moral Virtue.  A. Conscience The obligation to act in a particular way in a particular instance affects the will through the intermediary of an act of knowledge. This is evident...
The Philosophical System of Thomas Aquinas, by Maurice de Wulf, edited and adapted for the web by Jonathan Dolhenty XIII. Obligation and Moral Law A. Nature and extension of moral obligation The study of moral obligation is one of the chief features in which the Schoolmen advance beyond the Greek philosophers, who...
The Philosophical System of Thomas Aquinas, by Maurice de Wulf, edited and adapted for the web by Jonathan Dolhenty XII. Personal Conduct and Moral Values A. The Science of Morality The activity of man is characterized by teleology, i.e., he desires certain things as ends, and he wills other things a means...
The Philosophical System of Thomas Aquinas, by Maurice de Wulf, edited and adapted for the web by Jonathan Dolhenty IV. Various Aspects of the Epistemological Problem A. Metaphysical and psychological aspects The Schoolmen of the thirteenth century never doubted for a moment that our faculties of knowing are capable of attaining extra-mental reality....
The Philosophical System of Thomas Aquinas Book by Maurice de Wulf (edited & adapted for the Web by Dr. Jonathan Dolhenty) IV. The Directing Principles of Knowledge Topics: A. General notion of the directing principles of knowledge B. Origin and nature of these principles ...
The Philosophical System of Thomas Aquinas, by Maurice de Wulf, Edited & adapted for the Web by Dr. Jonathan Dolhenty III. How Our Knowledge Is Formed. B. Origin of Intellectual Knowledge There is a well-known adage of scholastic and thomist psychology, which states that we derive the content of our abstract ideas...
The Philosophical System of Thomas Aquinas, by Maurice de Wulf, Edited & adapted for the Web by Dr. Jonathan Dolhenty II. C. Abstract and General Knowledge.  Introspection shows us that we possess another kind of knowledge with characteristics quite different from those we have found in sense knowledge. Intellectual knowledge, instead of...
Topics: A. What the epistemological problem involves B. Objectivity of external sensations C. Real objectivity of abstract and general ideas - Universals D. The Via Media between Naive Realism and Idealism E. The nature of the mental synthesis F. Conclusion   A. What the epistemological problem involves It has been indicated that the epistemological problem centers upon an...
Topics: A. Metaphysical and psychological aspects B. The data of the epistemological problem A. Metaphysical and psychological aspects The Schoolmen of the thirteenth century never doubted for a moment that our faculties of knowing are capable of attaining extra-mental reality. In those dogmatic days there were no critics and adversaries such as those...
Topics: A. General notion of the directing principles of knowledge B. Origin and nature of these principles C. Logical and real value A. General notion of the directing principles of knowledge Our knowledge consists of judgments, connected and coordinated with one another. The progressive life of the mind moves by a regular process in...