What every person "needs" in order to live a whole good life (happiness)

by Mortimer J. Adler, Ph.D.


List of Real Goods Necessary for a Good Life 

What every person “needs” in order to live a whole good life (happiness)

 

LIMITED GOODS

Enough, or as much as justice allows.
These goods are not completely within our own power to obtain.

 

  • Biological Sustenance: Food, Drink, Clothing and Shelter.
  • Health: Physical and Mental.
  • Wealth
  • Friendship and Love: Family, Associations and Fraternities.
  • Pleasure
  • Liberty
  • Civil Peace
  • Political Power: Citizenship with Suffrage.
  • Free Time: For Omnibus Self-improvement, Rest and Play.
  • Satisfaction: Of Innocuous Wants.

 


GOOD FORTUNE

 


UNLIMITED GOODS

Cannot be possessed in excess.
These goods are completely within our own power to obtain.

MORAL VIRTUE
The habit of right desire;
habit of right choices about actions to be taken.

(Analytically distinct but not existentially distinct —
you cannot possess one without the others.)

  • Temperance: Habit of resisting and limiting immediate pleasures for a future good.
  • Fortitude: Habit of suffering pain or discomfort for a future good.
  • Justice: Habit of concern for the good of others and community welfare.
  • Prudence: Habit of right judgment or choices of the means for attaining the right end.

INTELLECTUAL VIRTUES
Good habits in the use of the intellect.
(Analytically and existentially distinct —
you can possess one without the others.)

  • Speculative: Knowledge, Understanding, and Speculative Wisdom.
  • Practical: Art or Skill, Prudence or Practical Wisdom (habit of right choices about decisions to be made).

[Great Books of the Western World GBotWW=”1″]

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