May I emphasize that the mere fact that a matter might be of concern everywhere in the States was not sufficient in the wisdom of the Fathers to bring the matter within Federal jurisdiction. To place it there the matter must be one falling within the purposes or functions of the Federal government as declared in the Preamble of the Constitution, which ran:
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States of America.
And may I say here that over and over again this Preamble has been held by the Supreme Court of the United States to be a setting out of the purposes of the Federal Government and not a source of its jurisdiction and powers.
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Source: J. Reuben Clark Jr., Feb 22, 1935. J. Reuben Clark Jr. (1871–1961), served as a member of the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1931–1961. Prior to his full-time church service he was assistant solicitor to the State Department, worked in the Attorney General’s office, Under Secretary of State, the author of the classic study, the “Clark Memorandum on the Monroe Doctrine” and U.S. ambassador to Mexico. Among those who knew his work best, J. Reuben Clark was recognized as the foremost constitutional scholar of the 20th Century.