Just War, Rebellion, and the American Revolution: John Keown and Modern Critiques on Whether the War of Independence was Just.
Part 15: Context: The English Experience Leading Up To The American Revolution, The Glorious Revolution and British/American Parallels
By Leonard O. Goenaga
On the heels of such a major conflict would come the Glorious Revolution of 1688, which resulted in the overthrow of the English King James II. With the aid of the Dutch William III of Orange, English Parliamentarians would successful bring William III to the head of the English throne. The ramifications of this event would be seen in several ways, including (1) the monarchy no longer holding unto absolute power, and (2) the passing of the Bill of Rights (1689).1 Such a Bill of Rights would take on a central role in British Government, and combined with the earlier Petition of Right (1627), these British documents would undergird many of the Colonists constitutional complaints.2 They would seem to find themselves in the same position that the Protestant alliance battling the Roman Catholic Emperor, and English Parliamentarians battling against an overreaching King, were in. All three fought wars of resistance against an overreaching centralized power on the grounds of securing the rights for lower magistrates to protect the common good. For the European Protestant alliance, this included recognition as legitimate states. For the English Parliamentarians, this included the right of representation in the House of Lords and House of Commons. For the Colonists, this would include the right to selfgovernance and consent.
1 See Appendix 4 [to be published] for a copy of the Bill of Rights (1688).
2 See Appendix 3 [to be published] for a copy of the Petition of Right (1627).
Self-Educated American Research Writer, Leonard O. Goenaga, is a Baptist Associate Pastor (assigned to the Youth) at Glory of God Christian Fellowship, Raleigh, North Carolina; a Mentor (Computer Lab/Technology) at the Wake Forest Boys & Girls Club; a husband (to Katrina); and rugby coach. He holds a B.A. in Political Science (with a specific concentration in Political Theory, Social Contract, and Constitutionalism), a second B.A. in Religious Studies (with a concentration in World Religions and Early Christianity), a Master of Divinity in Christian Ethics, and an A.A. in Entrepreneurship. He has begun Ph.D with a concentration likely centered on an analysis of Locke’s Social Contract, H.L.A. Hart’s Legal System, American Constitutionalism, and Baptist Ecclesiology of Covenant. Visit his website at Leonardooh.com