There is no such thing as “cellulosic” ethanol, but EPA fines companies for not using it.
Why does America’s economy feel like an SUV that is running on fumes? The Obama Administration’s laughably rigid enforcement of a Baby Bush-era ethanol mandate typifies today’s regulatory climate. When Uncle Sam governs with a tire iron in his hand, U.S. companies wisely pull off the road and pray for new management.
The Environmental Protection Agency has slapped a $6.8 million penalty on oil refiners for not blending cellulosic ethanol into gasoline, jet fuel and other products. These dastardly petroleum mongers are being so intransigent because cellulosic ethanol does not exist. It remains a fantasy fuel. The EPA might as well mandate that Exxon hire Leprechauns.
As a screen shot of EPA’s renewable fuels website confirms, so far this year – just as in 201l – the supply of cellulosic biofuel in gallons totals zero.
“EPA’s decision is arbitrary and capricious. We fail to understand how EPA can maintain a requirement to purchase a type of fuel that simply doesn’t exist,” stated Charles Drevna, president of American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM), the Washington-based trade association that represents the oil refining and petrochemicals industries.
“We’ll fund additional research in cutting-edge methods of producing ethanol, not just from corn but from wood chips and stalks or switch grass,” President G.W. Bush said in his 2006 State of the Union address. “Our goal is to make this new kind of ethanol practical and competitive within six years.”
So, in 2007, Bush idiotically signed the Energy Independence and Security Act. Beyond prohibiting Thomas Edison’s ground-breaking incandescent light bulb by 2014, EISA’s Renewable Fuel Standard mandated cellulosic ethanol.
Under the RFS, refiners had to blend 6.6 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol in 2011. Although this substance is not extant, EPA then demanded to see 31 percent more of it. This year’s quota is 8.65 million gallons.
EPA still expects cellulosic ethanol to leap magically from test tubes into storage tanks. While EPA has lowered its original targets as each year rolls around (for example, 2012’s “volumetric requirements” were originally set at 500 million gallons), its compulsory quantities remain enormous for the next 10 years, as the following table shows.
Annual % Growth
Year Billions of gallons in Mandated Volume
2013 1.00 —
2014 1.75 75.0
2015 3.00 71.4
2016 4.25 41.7
2017 5.50 29.4
2018 7.00 27.3
2019 8.50 21.4
2020 10.50 23.5
2021 13.50 28.6
2022 16.00 18.5
Presidents Bush and Obama have pumped some $1.5 billion in grants and guarantees into converting cellulosic ethanol from dream into reality. As Thomas Pyle of the Institute for Energy Research reports, Team Obama handed a $105 million loan guarantee to POET, “the world’s largest ethanol producer,” to create cellulosic fuel. Last September, Abengoa Energy scored a $134 million loan to build a Kansas cellulosic factory. Last August, Obama gave the Navy $510 million to develop biofuels for the U.S. armed forces.
Way back in 2010, some 70 percent of fantasy fuel was supposed to spring from Cello Energy in Alabama. Unfortunately, in 2009, a jury determined that Cello falsified its production capacity. Cello went silent in October 2010 when it filed for bankruptcy.
The National Academy of Sciences announced last year that “currently, no commercially viable bio-refineries exist for converting cellulosic biomass to fuel.” NAS further predicted that in 2022, EPA’s mandated cellulosic supplies will not materialize “unless innovative technologies are developed that unexpectedly improve the cellulosic biofuels production process.” In other words, if you don’t build it, they will not come.
A Wall Street Journal editorial perfectly encapsulated this fine mess.
“Congress subsidized a product that didn’t exist, mandated its purchase though it still didn’t exist, is punishing oil companies for not buying the product that doesn’t exist, and is now doubling down on the subsidies in the hope that someday it might exist.”
The oil refiners absorbed all of this and chose, at first, to play nice. AFPM and the American Petroleum Institute petitioned EPA in February 2011 and again on January 20, 2012 – the second time joined by the Western States Petroleum Association. As the administration gave labor unions and entire states waivers from ObamaCare, the refiners asked for waivers from the RFS mandate.
Fully 15 months after the first petition and four months beyond the second, EPA administrator Lisa Jackson finally rejected the refiners’ appeals, reaffirming that they must obey this regulation – never mind that they more easily could defy gravity. “We thank you for your interest in these issues,” Jackson’s May 22 letter cheerily added.
Thus, on June 11, AFPM and WSPA sued EPA in DC Circuit Court. The plaintiffs hope a federal judge will blend some sanity into a scenario that resembles the work of Salvador Dali.
Rather than focus on expanding operations and creating jobs, lawful American companies now must spend money to sue the federal government for relief from unobservable rules. This fact demonstrates how bone-headed and bull-headed Washington has become. Even worse, business people beyond the oil industry watch this charade and wonder when the regulatory tumbrels will roll by for them.
“This doesn’t help. On the margin, this spooks business people,” says economist Tom Landstreet, founder and CEO of Standard Research Corporation, a Nashville-based investment analysis firm. The former colleague of supply-side legend Arthur Laffer adds: “This is part of a pervasive cluelessness about the economy and markets. It’s just one of a thousand cuts.”
Company owners these days ask themselves “How does one become a favored industry or business under this administration, versus being one that is vilified and demonized,” says AFPM’s Drevna. If a particular enterprise is “not part of that inner circle,” he continues, “they might go to Singapore or somewhere with a more business-friendly atmosphere.”
Drevna applauds recent comments by Governor Bobby Jindal (R-Louisiana). “I suspect that many in the Obama Administration don’t really believe in private enterprise. At best, they see business as something to be endured so that it can provide tax money for government programs,” Jindal wrote in a June 14 RedState.com op-ed. “The problem is that the private sector is so foreign to our President that he would need a passport to go there and a translator to understand what is happening.”
Washington’s unyielding, heavy-handed, and nonsensical behavior nonetheless may obscure a sliver of silver lining. The Bush-Obama Administration indeed has invented a hybrid fuel: cellulosic ethanol is one half industrial policy and one half comedy routine.
Screen shot of EPA summary of RINs and volume of a fuel that exists only in its wildest dreams:
New York commentator Deroy Murdock is a nationally syndicated columnist with the Scripps Howard News Service and a media fellow with the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace at Stanford University. This article originally appeared on National Review Online, in July 2012.