Philosophical Critiques

Philosophical Critiques
Some Important Issues in Philosophy
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The following are philosophical critiques of some of the main issues presented in the history of Western philosophy. These critiques are presented from the point of view of Classical Realism, Aristotelianism, Scholasticism, and/or Neo-Thomism. A knowledge of the basics of Classical Philosophic Realism may be necessary to properly understand and interpret some of the critiques.


Creation and the Possible Eternity of the Cosmos
A brief history of the philosophical discussion surrounding the disputes regarding the eternal existence of the universe. Includes a description of “entropy” and its influence on the topic.

The Human Person: A Study and Critique
A discussion of one of the most serious problems in modern philosophy — the body-mind problem. This essay analyzes the theories put forth by various modern philosophers and then argues for the truth of the theory which has been maintained by Classical Realism throughout the centuries.

The Truth-Value of Consciousness: A Study and Critique
A critical inquiry into the validity of the various classes of spontaneous convictions of man furnished by the different sources of our knowledge.

Extra-Mental and Extra-Ego Reality: A Critique of the Realistic Position
Does the data of experience support the idealist’s philosophy or the realist’s philosophy? Is there concrete, irrefutable evidence for the existence of an objective, independent external world? Can we prove that other minds besides our own exist?

Extranormal Mental States
A discussion of hypnosis and extrasensory perception — clairvoyance and telepathy. One of the purposes of this essay is to show that these extranormal mental states can be integrated without a problem into classical realism’s philosophical position regarding man and his world.

Some Forms of Realism: A Critique of Representative and Presentative Realism
Not all theories of sense-perception which claim to be genuinely realistic are actually so. This essay will straighten out the matter for you and point you in the right direction.

Critical Presentative Realism: A Critique and A Defense
A discussion of the primary and secondary qualities and a defense of why critical presentative realism should be accepted as the most adequate theory of sense-perception.

The Origin of Ideas: A Critique of Some Philosophical Positions
A discussion and critique of some false or inadequate theories of the origin of ideas including Plato’s Ultra-Realism, Descartes’ Ultra-Spiritualism, The Monadism of Leibniz, Ontologism, Kant’s Transcendental Criticism, Locke’s Empiricism, Sensationalism and Associationism, Imageless Thought, and Gestaltism.

False Criteria of Truth
A discussion and critique of: Descartes, Malebranche, Rosmini, The Theory of Coherence, Fideism and Traditionalism, The Test of Inconceivability, Epistemological Monism, The Criterion of Common Sense, Critical Realism, Pragmatism and Humanism, and Relativism and Truth.

The Fallacy of Epistemological Idealism
A presentation of Idealism, one of the most pervasive philosophical positions, and why its epistemology is false. Includes a discussion of The Common Element in Idealism, The Fallacy of the Idealist Postulate, and The Ego-Centric Predicament.

Pseudo-Theories in Cosmology
A discussion and critique of some false cosmological theories: Monism in the form of Atomism and Dynamism and the common error of Atomism and Dynamism.

False Cosmologies of a Self-Sufficient Universe
A discussion of why Pantheism, Materialism, and Agnosticism must be rejected as cosmological theories.

What is Wrong With Descartes’ Philosophy?
A discussion of why the philosophy of René Descartes is false and/or inadequate.

What is Wrong With Kant’s Philosophy?
A discussion of why the philosophy of Immanuel Kant is false and/or inadequate.

What is Wrong With Locke’s Philosophy?
A discussion of why the philosophy of John Locke is false and/or inadequate.

Overview of 17th Century Philosophy: A Study and Critique
A brief presentation of the views of seven of the major philosophers of the 17th century and a critique of their philosophies.

Overview of 18th & 19th Century Philosophy: A Study and Critique
A brief presentation of the views of the major philosophers of the 18th and 19th century and a critique of their philosophies.

How It All Comes Together: God – Life – Soul
George J. Irbe’s thoughtful essay where he argues: there is God, the being that which no greater can be thought of, who is the exnihilator of the physical universe; life is one of God’s most unique creations; its presence in the universe is outside the bounds of ordinary probabilities; another of God’s unique creative acts is the exnihilation of all the myriad genetic codes for all the life forms found on earth (past, present, and future) some 530 million years ago; and much more.

The Problem With Nominalism
What the theory of nominalism is about and why it is is wrong regarding the status of universal ideas.

The Wonder of Matter: A Philosophical Interpretation of the Data of Modern Science
In this essay the intent is to retain a basically Thomistic approach in interpreting the data of modern science. However, at the same time the author feels free to draw from the implications of modern science a new application of some Thomistic principles and concepts. Similarly, without accepting en bloc the modern world view of Teilhard de Chardin, he employs points of view adapted from his vision.