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On Moral Philosophy

by Mortimer J. Adler, Ph.D. Philosophy, seeking to establish itself as knowledge rather than mere speculation and unfounded opinion, is afflicted with a series of...

Aristotle’s Ethics: The Theory of Happiness – II

BY MORTIMER J. ADLER The main point we have seen so far is that, for Aristotle, a happy life is a good life. In other...

Aristotle’s Ethics: The Theory of Happiness – I

BY MORTIMER J. ADLER The Humanities represent man's concern with man and with the human world. In that concern there is no more important problem than...

General Metaphysics of Thomas Aquinas

THE PHILOSOPHY OF THOMAS AQUINAS MADE SIMPLE, BY JONATHAN DOLHENTY, PH.D. Part V, General Metaphysics Aquinas accepts the general principles of the metaphysics of Aristotle,...

Theory of Knowledge (Epistemology) of Thomas Aquinas

The Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas Made Simple, by Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. Part IV, Epistemology of Thomas Aquinas To explain the process of knowledge, Thomas Aquinas...

The Bodyguards of Truth – Mortimer J. Adler

BY MORTIMER J. ADLER, PH.D. My serious study of philosophy began when, at Columbia University in the early twenties, I took a course in the...

Why “Equality” Must Die – Selwyn Duke

BY SELWYN DUKE Take a look at the following list and tell me if anything strikes you: Prudence Justice Temperance Courage Faith Hope Charity Viewing these, the Seven Cardinal Virtues, anything make an...

Why "Equality" Must Die – Selwyn Duke

BY SELWYN DUKE Take a look at the following list and tell me if anything strikes you: Prudence Justice Temperance Courage Faith Hope Charity Viewing these, the Seven Cardinal Virtues, anything make an...

The Misfortunes of Philosophy in Antiquity

BY MORTIMER J. ADLER, PH.D. With the speculations of the pre-Socratic philosophers, with the dialogues of Plato, and with the treatises of Aristotle, philosophy got...

Jesus Taught the Solution to Bullying

Even most Christians don't realize they have already been given the solution. By Izzy Kalman I am writing this on December 24. Tonight almost a third...

Little Errors in the Beginning

MORTIMER J. ADLER, PH.D. I. In his introduction to De Ente et Essentia St. Thomas Aquinas remarks that “a little error in the beginning leads to...

Aristotle and a Synoptic Philosophy—Dolhenty

By Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. The word "synoptic" comes to us from the Greek "sunoprikos," which means "seeing the whole together" or "taking a comprehensive view."...

Aristotle and a Synoptic Philosophy

By Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. The word "synoptic" comes to us from the Greek "sunoprikos," which means "seeing the whole together" or "taking a comprehensive view."...

The Principal Causes Of Revolution In Democracies

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Five, Part 5, 350 B.C.E. And now, taking each constitution separately, we must see what follows from the...

Of The Judiciary And Courts Of Law

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Four, Part 16, 350 B.C.E. Of the three parts of government, the judicial remains to be considered, and...

On The Three Types Of Tyranny

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Four, Part 10, 350 B.C.E. Of the nature of tyranny I have still to speak, in order that...

Regarding Polity Or Constitutional Government

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Four, Part 9, 350 B.C.E. Next we have to consider how by the side of oligarchy and democracy...

Of Polity Or Constitutional Government

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Four, Part 7, 350 B.C.E. There are still two forms besides democracy and oligarchy; one of them is...

Aristotle: Power in the State

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library  Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Four, Part 4, 350 B.C.E. It must not be assumed, as some are fond of saying, that democracy...

The Supreme Power in the State: Aristotle’s Politics, Bk 4, Prt 2

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library  Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Four, Part 2, 350 B.C.E. In our original discussion about governments we divided them into three true forms:...

The Supreme Power in the State: Aristotle’s Politics, Bk 4, Prt 1

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library  Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Four, Part 1, 350 B.C.E. In all arts and sciences which embrace the whole of any subject, and...

The Supreme Power in the State: Aristotle’s Politics, Bk 3, Prt 18

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library  Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Three, Part 18, 350 B.C.E. We maintain that the true forms of government are three, and that the...

The Supreme Power in the State: Aristotle’s Politics, Bk 3, Prt 17

 The Moral Liberal, Classics Library  Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Three, Part 17, 350 B.C.E. But may not all this be true in some cases and not in...

The Supreme Power in the State: Aristotle’s Politics, Bk 3, Prt 16

 The Moral Liberal, Classics Library  Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Three, Part 16, 350 B.C.E. At this place in the discussion there impends the inquiry respecting the king...

The Supreme Power in the State: Aristotle’s Politics, Bk 3, Prt 15

 The Moral Liberal, Classics Library  Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Three, Part 15, 350 B.C.E. Of these forms we need only consider two, the Lacedaemonian and the absolute...

The Supreme Power in the State: Aristotle’s Politics, Bk 3, Prt 14

 The Moral Liberal, Classics Library Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Three, Part 14, 350 B.C.E. The preceding discussion, by a natural transition, leads to the consideration of royalty,...

The Supreme Power in the State: Aristotle’s Politics, Bk 3, Prt 12

The Moral Liberal, Classics Library Aristotle: “Politics”, Book Three, Part 10, 350 B.C.E. In all sciences and arts the end is a good, and the greatest...

The Philosophy of the Sophists

By Jonathan Dolhenty, Ph.D. I. Background Information The second period of Greek philosophy occupies the entire fourth century before Christ. The problem which claims the interest...

Argos: Adams ‘Defense’ No. 46

Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 46 Ancient Democratical Republics: ARGOS My dear Sir, IN order to form...

Adler on the Purpose of Life

by Mortimer J. Adler, Ph.D. Let us begin by asking the purpose of the question about the purpose of life. What do men have in...