Democratic Thinker

Debate: Army Appropriations Bill (1878)—Part I

American Debate Following the nation-wide riots in 1877, Congress debates appropriating money for the Army. Rep. William Kimmel (D., Maryland) argues for funding the militia,...

The Men Who Do Not Lift

The Men Who do not Lift. ————— THE world is sympathetic. The statement none can doubt; When A’s in trouble don’t we think that B should help...

War Relocation Authority—March 18, 1942

World War II On March 18, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) issues Executive Order 9102 creating the War Relocation Authority so he can round...

Weekly Story: Patrick Arrives in Ireland

Weekly Story Jocelin, a twelfth century Monk of the Cistercian Order in Furness, records Patrick’s arrival in Ireland. And Milcho beheld a vision in the night;...

Weekly Story: He Discovered Money

Weekly Story A recent immigrant to America makes his fortune. Such is their faith in this little Italian. Polacks, Jews, Swedes, the Irish, every one invests,...

American Papers: National Thanksgiving Proclamation—1789

Thanksgiving   In 1789, both houses of Congress requested that George Washington acknowledge the many favors of Almighty God with a national day of thanksgiving and...

Weekly Story: Great Heart’s Goodbye

Weekly Story In which a knight demonstrates an ancient lesson. Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall...

Oath of Secrecy

Background of the American Revolution In prepartion for war, the members of the Second Continental Congress bind themselves to secrecy. … and that if any member...

Pennsylvania Minority Dissent

Democratic Party Founding Papers … that free countries are most friendly to commerce and to the rights of property. This produces greater internal tranquillity. The Pennsylvania...

The Mountain Stage

Butterfield Overland Mail–March 3, 1857 Overland Mail-Express Arriving in Town.   The Mountain Stage. Henry M. Hoyt, Jr. The Pacific Monthly, December, 1908.   PITCHIN’ on the precipice, sluggin’ through the sand, (Got ‘em runnin’ easy now, holdin’...

Battle Hymn of the Republic

Weekly Story Julia Ward Howe relates how she came to write the Civil War hymn. It must have been’ at the earliest touch of dawn that...

Second Petition to the King (July 8, 1775)

Background of the American Revolution Following the Battle of Bunker Hill the Continental Congress—meeting in Philadelphia—sends one final petition to the king. Richard Penn and...

George Rogers Clark—To Patrick Henry (February 3, 1779)

The American Revolution In 1779, Lt. Col. George Rogers Clark writes to Governor Patrick Henry telling him he intends to attack The Famous Hair Buyer...

John Wilkes—The Warning

Background of the American Revolution Shortly after the First Continental Congress concludes, the House of Commons debates declaring the colonies in rebellion. A member of...

John Adams—To His Friend (1776)

American Correspondence John Adams—at the beginning of the Revolution—responds to a friend’s request asking how to create a new form of government for the soon...

Spooner: Trial By Jury

Background of the American Civil War In 1852, abolitionist Lysander Spooner publishes an essay arguing that private citizens serving as jurors are the final arbiters...

Commentary: A Self-Made Merchant to His Son

Commentary A turn of the Twentieth Century editor—in the manner of a letter from a businessman to his son—offers advice to students just entering college. College...

Out Of Small Beginnings

Thanksgiving During the winter of 1623, the Pilgrims subsisted for a time on a daily ration of five kernels of parched corn. The tradition of...

Weekly Story: Fort Gunnybags

Weekly Story In 1856, private citizens choose a headquarters for their campaign against a corrupt political machine. For a considerable time after the organization of the...

Fisher Ames: Dangers of American Liberty—Part III

American Debate Federalist Fisher Ames sends a draft treatise to a friend for review, in which he addresses the dangers he sees to the liberty...