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Founders Corner

Comprehensive online library of major works, essays, letters, speeches, quotes from America’s Founding Fathers; also key documents; and histories contemporary to the Founding Era, along with works, speeches, etc., from thinkers and statesmen who influenced the Founders or were influenced by them.

The Legislature – by Joseph Story

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 3, Chapter 8,  THE LEGISLATURE § 544. THE first article...

Distribution of Powers – by Justice Joseph Story

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 3, Chapter 7,  DISTRIBUTION OF POWERS § 517. IN surveying the...

John Locke: Of Political Power

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS Second Treatise of Government, by John Locke (1690) Chapter 1: Of Political Power 1. It having been shown in the foregoing...

The Preamble

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 3, Chapter 6, THE PREAMBLE § 457. Having disposed of these...

Rules of Interpretation

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 3, Chapter 5,  RULES OF INTERPRETATION § 397. IN our future commentaries...

Who is Final Judge or Interpreter in Constitutional Controversies? – by Joseph Story

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 3, Chapter 4,  WHO IS FINAL JUDGE OR INTERPRETER IN CONSTITUTIONAL...

Nature of the Constitution: Whether a Compact – Joseph Story’s Commentaries on the Constitution

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 3, Chapter 3, NATURE OF THE CONSTITUTION - WHETHER A...

Objections to the Constitution – Justice Joseph Story’s Commentaries

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 3, Chapter 2, OBJECTIONS TO THE CONSTITUTION § 281. LET it...

Novanglus Essay No. 2 – John Adams

Adams will pursue all the dark intrigues and wicked machinations and show the rise and progress of British schemes for enslaving this country.

Origin and Adoption of the Constitution – Justice Joseph Story

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 3, Chapter 1,  ORIGIN & ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION § 272. IN...

Decline and Fall of the Confederation – Justice Joseph Story

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 2, Chapter 4,  DECLINE AND FALL OF THE CONFEDERATION § 243. Any...

Analysis of the Articles of Confederation – by Justice Joseph Story

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 2, Chapter 3,  ANALYSIS OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION § 229. IN...

Origin of the Confederation

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 2, Chapter 2, ORIGIN OF THE CONFEDERATION § 218. THE union, thus...

History of the Revolution – Justice Joseph Story

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Book 2, Chapter 1,  HISTORY OF THE REVOLUTION § 198. WE have now...

Give me back that Old Time Schooling!

BY STEVE FARRELL Liberty Letters: Bates, Blackstone, Locke For generations, in the singing of “America, the Beautiful,” (1) Americans encouraged each other to exercise freedom responsibly,...

General Review of the Colonies (Cont.) – Joseph Story’s Commentaries, Ch. 17

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 17, GENERAL REVIEW OF THE COLONIES (CONT.) § 159. IN...

What Form of Government Do We Have Anyway?

JONATHAN DOLHENTY, PH.D. I remember some years ago when a certain group of political activists used to go around promoting the idea that "America is...

Joseph Story on “Complete Decentralization”

LIBERTY LETTERS WITH STEVE FARRELL In Justice Joseph Story's classic 1883 work, "Commentaries on the U.S. Constitution", he writes of the concept we now refer...

General Review of the Colonies: Joseph Story’s Commentaries on the Constitution, Vol. 1, Ch....

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 16,  GENERAL REVIEW OF THE COLONIES § 146. We have now...

Georgia: Joseph Story’s Commentaries on the Constitution, Vol. 1, Ch. 15

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 15,  GEORGIA § 143. In the same year, in which Carolina...

North and South Carolina: Joseph Story’s Commentaries on the Constitution, Vol. 1, Ch. 14

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 14,  NORTH AND SOUTH CAROLINA § 128. WE next come to...

Delaware: Joseph Story’s Commentaries on the Constitution, Vol. 1, Ch. 13

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 13,  DELAWARE § 126. AFTER Penn had become proprietary of Pennsylvania,...

Pennsylvania: Joseph Story’s Commentaries on the Constitution, Vol. 1, Ch. 12

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 12,  PENNSYLVANIA § 121. PENNSYLVANIA was originally settled by different...

New Jersey: Joseph Story’s Commentaries on the Constitution, Vol. 1, Ch. 11

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 11,  NEW JERSEY § 115. New Jersey, as we have...

New York – Commentaries on the Constitution, by Joseph Story

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 10,  NEW YORK § 111. New York was originally settled by...

Ben Franklin: Have We Now Forgotten That Powerful Friend?

Liberty Letters, Benjamin Franklin In the beginning of the contest with Great Britain, when we were sensible of danger, we had daily prayers in this...

Maryland—Vol. 1, Ch. 9, Commentaries on the Constitution, by Joseph Story

Founders Corner Library Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story, 1833 Volume 1, Chapter 9,  MARYLAND § 103. THE province of Maryland was included...

Thoughts on Government, by John Adams—1776

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS, 1776 Editor's Introduction: In January 1776, six months prior to the writing of the Declaration of Independence and eleven years...

The Federalist Papers — No. 4 — John Jay

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: MAJOR WORKS Wednesday, November 7, 1787 Concerning Powers From Foreign Force and Influence MY LAST paper assigned several reasons why the safety of the people...

Novanglus Essay No. 1 – John Adams

John Adams lays out the American position on the natural rights of individual Americans and the rights enjoyed by all colonial governments under British law.