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Founders Corner

Comprehensive online library of major works, essays, letters, speeches, quotes from America’s Founding Fathers; also key documents; and histories contemporary to the Founding Era, along with works, speeches, etc., from thinkers and statesmen who influenced the Founders or were influenced by them.

Sam Adams: On Republics, Natural Aristocracy, & the Effects of a Proper Education on...

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY, SPEECHES, LETTERS, PAMPHLETS, LETTERS, & QUOTES Samuel Adams to John Adams Boston, November 20, 1790 LATELY received your letter of the 18th of October....

Democratic Thinker: John Adams: Novanglus Essay No. 3

Boasting of unbounded freedom of the press, assuring the people all is save while it continues, the people are cheated with libels in exchange for their liberty

Madison’s Notes: The Federal Convention of 1787: September 13

Liberty Letters, 13 September 1787, James Madison Col George Mason. He had moved without success for a power to make sumptuary regulations. He had not...

How Old Brown Took Harper’s Ferry—October 16, 1859

Democratic Thinker, American History How Old Brown Took Harper’s Ferry. ————— JOHN BROWN in Kansas settled, like a steadfast Yankee farmer, Brave and godly, with four sons, all...

How Customs Are Softened As Social Conditions Become Equal

Democracy In America, Alexis de Tocqueville, 1831 Volume 2, Section 3, Chapter 1, How Customs Are Softened As Social Conditions Become More Equal We perceive that for...

A Blessing or a Curse? — George Washington

In June of 1783, America's fate swung between the between the extremes of anarchy (because of too much democracy and too little executive power) and tyranny (the natural result of anarchy or the desire to restore order); which led George Washington to observe: "It is yet to be decided whether the Revolution must ultimately be considered a blessing or a curse."

James Madison: Federal Powers Limited, State Powers Indefinite

FOUNDERS CORNER: LIMITED GOVERNMENT AND FEDERALISM The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government, are few and defined. Those which are to...

Schlafly—Old Ironsides: A Bit of History

BY PHYLLIS SCHLAFLY On this day that we honor our veterans who have fought for our freedom for more than two centuries, I thought it...

John Adams: A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 27

Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 Mixed Governments: MACHIAVELLI'S DISCOURSES UPON THE FIRST DECADE OF LIVY. BOOK I. CHAP. 2 My dear Sir, THE whole chapter is...

What young man hasn’t experienced this?

"Last night, as merry as agreeable company and dancing with Belinda in the Apollo could make me, I never could have thought the succeeding sun would have seen me so wretched as I now am!"

Origin and importance of the Anglo-Americans

Democracy In America, Alexis de Tocqueville, 1831 Volume 1, Chapter 2, ORIGIN OF THE ANGLO-AMERICANS, AND IMPORTANCE OF THIS ORIGIN IN RELATION TO THEIR FUTURE CONDITION UTILITY...

Weekly Story: Pompey Observes the Sabbath

Democratic Thinker, Weekly Story Josephus, the First Century Jewish chronicler, relates a story in his Antiquities of the Jews wherein a Roman general uses a...

The Anti-Federalist Papers No. 82: Brutus

The Power of the Judiciary. (Part 4) Brutus, March 6 & March 20, 1788 Part 1: Part 2 of "Brutus" 14th essay (from the March 6,...

Madison's Notes: Federal Convention of 1787: Sept. 08

Liberty Letters, 08 September 1787, James Madison Editor's Overview: Motion to require treaties of peace to be consented to by two-thirds of the Senate, briefly...

What Causes Almost Americans To Follow Industrial Callings

Democracy In America, Alexis de Tocqueville, 1831 Volume 2, Section 2, Chapter 19, What Causes Almost All Americans To Follow Industrial Callings Agriculture is perhaps, of all...

Madison’s Notes: Federal Convention of 1787: Sept. 10

Liberty Letters, 10 September 1787, James Madison Editor's Summary: Motion that Legislature may propose amendments, to be binding when assented to by three-fourths of the...

Federalist Papers No. 37, James Madison

FOUNDERS CORNER, MAJOR WORKS Friday, January 11, 1788 Concerning the Difficulties of the Convention in Devising a Proper Form of Government IN REVIEWING the defects of the...

Sir Thomas Smith, Adam’s Defense, No. 34

Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 34 Ancient Republics and Opinions of Philosophers: SIR THOMAS SMITH My...

Weekly Story: Canute Commands the Tides

Weekly Story King Canute demonstrates his unlimited sovereignty to his courtiers. ‘… none indeed deserve the name of a king, but he whose eternal laws, both...

Patience, Obedience, and Prayer at Valley Forge — George Washington

American Minute with Bill Federer Driven into Pennsylvania by the British, the Continental Army set up camp at Valley Forge, DECEMBER 19, 1777, just 25...

Madison: War and the Degeneracy of Manners, Morals & Liberty

Liberty Letters Quote of the Day, James Madison Of all the enemies to public liberty war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it...

No Inconsequential Matter — Steve Farrell

The trouble with those who view our system today as a democracy rather than what the American Founders called it -- a republic -- is that they forget that there are some political activities, some laws, that can never claim legitimacy (even by direct or indirect majority support). This is so because our republic balances out its democratic features with an emphasis on the rule of law, inalienable rights, and especially the protection of property. - Steve Farrell

Madison's Notes: Federal Convention of 1787: Aug. 31

Most significant discussion of the day centered on the need for conventions to ratify the Constitution. Why? So authority rested on the people not the states.

“One Small Candle Will Light a Thousand” — The Pilgrims & Religious Freedom

They were the pioneers of religious freedom—the openers of an asylum in the New World, to which the persecuted for religion's sake, and political opinions, have been flocking from that day to this. - Jackman in reference to The Pilgrims.

Obama Disobeys the Law of the Land

BY PHYLLIS SCHLAFLY The Democrats are chanting that Republicans must fully fund Obamacare because it is the law of the land, passed by Congress, signed...

Celebrate Constitution Day

By Henry Lamb Is your child’s school planning a special celebration of the U.S. Constitution? It should. Federal law (1) requires every school that receives...

Rome: John Adam’s “Defense,” No. 36

Liberty Letters, John Adams, 1786 A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States, Letter 36 Ancient Aristocratical Republics: ROME My dear Sir, DIONYSIUS Halicarnassensis has not...

The Anti-Federalist Papers No. 21: Centinel

Why The Articles Failed Centinel, October 5 and November 30, 1787 This essay is composed of excerpts from "Centinel" letters appearing in the (Philadelphia) Independent Gazetteer,...

The Monroe Doctrine

FOUNDERS CORNER LIBRARY: HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS December 2, 1823, President James Monroe The Monroe Doctrine was expressed during President Monroe's seventh annual message to Congress, December 2,...

Betsy Ross Remembered

American Minute with Bill Federer A 3-cent stamp honoring Betsy Ross was issued in Philadelphia, JANUARY 2, 1952, commemorating the 200th anniversary of her birth....